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Cudrania Tricuspidata

Cudrania Tricuspidata Silkworm Thorn

Pinyin: Zhe Latin: Cudrania Tricuspidata

Physical Characteristics

Cudrania Tricuspidata is a decidious Tree growing to 6m by 6m at a slow rate, is hardy to zone 7, is in flower in July. The flowers are dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). The plant is not self-fertile. The plant prefers light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and requires well-drained soil, prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils, cannot grow in the shade, and requires moist soil.

Family

Moraceae

Edible Uses*

Edible Parts: Fruit; Leaves.

Cudrania Tricuspidata Fruit - fresh or preserved[1, 22, 61]. Somewhat like a mulberry[183]. The firm fruit is relatively tasteless, when soft-ripe it is sub-acid to sweet and some forms can be quite delicious[46, 105, 109, 151, 183]. Cudrania contains lots of large seeds[151]. The Cudrania fruit is about 25mm in diameter[200]. Cudrania Tricuspidata Leaves a famine food[179].

Traditional Chinese Medicinal (TCM) Uses:*

Cudrania Tricuspidata is Antiperiodic; Galactogogue; Ophthalmic; use in Women's complaints. An infusion of the wood is used to treat sore or weak eyes[178, 218].*

Cudrania Tricuspidata's inner bark and the wood are used in the treatment of malaria, debility and menorrhagia[178, 218]. The root is galactogogue and is also used in the treatment of amenorrhoea[218]. The plant is used to eliminate blood stasis and stimulate the circulation in cancer of the alimentary system, blood and lungs[218].*

References

  • [1] F. Chittendon.RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press 1951
  • [22] Sholto-Douglas. J.Alternative Foods. 0
  • [46] Uphof. J. C. Th.Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim 1959
  • [61] Usher. G.A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable 1974 ISBN 0094579202
  • [105] Tanaka. T.Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing 1976
  • [109] Wilson. E. H.Plantae Wilsonae. 0
  • [151] Wilson. E. H. and Trollope. M. N.Corean Flora. Royal Asiatic Society 1918
  • [178] Stuart. Rev. G. A.Chinese Materia Medica. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre 0
  • [179] Reid. B. E.Famine Foods of the Chiu-Huang Pen-ts'ao. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre 1977
  • [183] Facciola. S.Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications 1990 ISBN 0-9628087-0-9
  • [188] Brickell. C.The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. 1990 ISBN 0-86318-386-7
  • [200] Huxley. A.The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press 1992 ISBN 0-333-47494-5
  • [218] Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S.Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. 1985 ISBN 0-917256-20-4

Source: Cudrania Tricuspidata Plants For A Future, England 1996-2008.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License.



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