Pinyin: Bai Jiang Cao Latin: Thlaspi Arvense
Thlaspi Arvense is an annual growing to 0.6m, hardy to zone 6, not frost tender. Thlaspi Arvense is in flower from May to July, and the seeds ripen from July to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees and Flies. Thlaspi Arvense is self-fertile.
Thlaspi Arvense prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Thlaspi cannot grow in the shade and requires moist soil.
Traditional Chinese Medicinal (TCM) Uses:*
Edible Parts: Leaves; Seed. Edible Uses: Condiment.*
The Young leaves or Thlaspi Arvense are use raw or cooked[2, 5, 52, 62, 185]. They should always be harvested before the plant comes into flower or they will be very bitter. Even the young leaves have a somewhat bitter flavour and aroma, and are not to everyone's taste[9, 85].*
Thlaspi leaves can be added in small quantities to salads and other foods[9, 183]. They can also be cooked in soups or used as a potherb, they taste somewhat like mustard but with a hint of onion. For a leaf, Thlaspi is very rich in protein. The seed is ground into a powder and used as a mustard substitute[105, 183]. The seed can be sprouted and added to salads.*
Thlaspi Arvense is Antirheumatic, diuretic[46, 61].*
The seed is a tonic. Both the seed and the young shoots are said to be good for the eyes. The seeds are used in Tibetan medicine and are considered to have an acrid taste and a cooling potency.*
Thlaspi seeds are anti-inflammatory and febrifuge, being used in the treatment of pus in the lungs, renal inflammation, appendicitis, seminal and vaginal discharges. The entire plant is antidote, anti-inflammatory, blood tonic, depurative, diaphoretic, expectorant, febrifuge and hepatic[176, 218].*
Thlaspi Arvense is used in the treatment of carbuncles, acute appendicitis, intestinal abscess, post-partum pain, dysmenorrhoea and endometriosis. Use with caution since large doses can cause a decrease in white blood cells, nausea and dizziness. The plant has a broad antibacterial activity, effective against the growth of Staphylococci and streptococci.*
- [K] Ken Fern
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-  Flora of N. America
Source: Thlaspi Arvense Plants For A Future, England 1996-2008.
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